Pesticide Use in Developing Nations

Photo by  Alan Godfrey  on  Unsplash

Photo by Alan Godfrey on Unsplash

While pesticides pose possible health and environmental hazards wherever they are used, communities in developing nations often face additional hazards uncommon in industrialized nations. The goals of this Toxipedia post to raise public awareness about the impacts of pesticide use in developing nations, and help link environmental health professionals in developing nations with each other and with information resources addressing these complex and critical issues.

General Resources

Nonprofit Organizations (NGOs)

International Agencies

  • Interstates Pesticide Committee for Central Africa:"The major objective of CPAC is the sanitation of agricultural production for the preservation of the environment and the health of local consumers, as well as to enhance the competitiveness of local agricultural produce on the international market."
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) Environmental Burden of Disease Country Profiles: "WHO presents updated country data on the burden of disease that is preventable through healthier environments. These estimates provide the stepping stone for informed policy making in disease prevention."
  • UN Environment Program (UNEP), Pesticide-related Activities at UNEP Chemicals: "The UNEP/DTIE Chemicals Branch actively promotes sound management of chemicals within the framework of Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)."


Pimentel, David, ed. Encyclopedia of Pest Management. Taylor & Francis, 2006. (Includes the article "Pesticide Health Impacts in Developing Countries" by Aiwerasia V. F. Ngowi, Catharina Wesseling, and Leslie London. Abstract available here.)

Farah, Jumanah. Pesticide Policies in Developing Countries: Do They Encourage Excessive Use?Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1994.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Unless otherwise noted, the links below are for article abstracts.