- "Environmental justice is achieved when everyone, regardless of race, culture, or income, enjoys the same degree of protection from environmental and health hazards and equal access to the decision-making process to have a healthy environment in which to live, learn, and work." (U.S. EPAEnvironmental Justice Program)
- "A condition of environmental justice exists when environmental risks and hazards and investments and benefits are equally distributed with a lack of discrimination, whether direct or indirect, at any jurisdictional level; and when access to environmental investments, benefits, and natural resources are equally distributed; and when access to information, participation in decision making, and access to justice in environment-related matters are enjoyed by all." (Central and Eastern European Workshop on Environmental Justice. Budapest, December 2003)
- "An environmental injustice exists when members of disadvantaged, ethnic, minority or other groups suffer disproportionately at the local, regional (sub-national), or national levels from environmental risks or hazards, and/or suffer disproportionately from violations of fundamental human rights as a result of environmental factors, and/or denied access to environmental investments, benefits, and/or natural resources, and/or are denied access to information; and/or participation in decision making; and/or access to justice in environment-related matters." (Central and Eastern European Workshop on Environmental Justice. Budapest, December 2003)
Also see: Principles of Environmental Justice, adopted at the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit held on October 24-27, 1991, in Washington D.C., USA.
(Image from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.)
- Brookings Institute article: A Winning Hand? The Uncertain Future of Environmental Justice (1996)
- The California Environmental Rights Alliance: a public interest organization dedicated to achieving environmental justice and improving community health in California.
- Center for Diversity and the Environment: Nonprofit organization working to racially and ethnically diversify the American environmental movement by developing leaders, diversifying institutions, and building community.
- Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University: research, policy, and information clearinghouse on issues related to environmental justice, race and the environment, and civil rights.
- Environmental Justice Foundation: A U.K.-based nonprofit organization. "EJF believes that protecting the environment is not just about quality of life, it is a question of life and death for the world's poorest people. We believe that environmental security is a human right."
- Global Exchange: A membership-based international human rights organization dedicated to promoting social, economic and environmental justice around the world.
- Indigenous Environmental Network: "A network of Indigenous Peoples empowering Indigenous Nations and communities towards sustainable livelihoods, demanding environmental justice and maintaining the Sacred Fire of our traditions."
- Marin Academy: list of environmental justice organizations
- Maryland Department of Environment: Brief History of Environmental Justice in the United States
- Michigan State University: Environmental Justice Case Studies (U.S. and international)
- Scorecard Community Center (by Environmental Defense): Environmental Justice : Scorecard profiles environmental burdens in every community in the U.S., identifying which groups experience disproportionate toxic chemical releases, cancer risks from hazardous air pollutants, or proximity to Superfund sites and polluting facilities emitting smog and particulates. Environmental justice analyses are also available in spanish.
- World Health Organization: The Health and Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples
- World Resources Institute article: Toward an International Environmental Justice
- The Working Group on Environmental Justice of the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research and The Extension School, Harvard University: Introduction to Environmental Justice (course)
U.S. Government Environmental Justice Policies and Information
- Not In My Backyard: Executive Order 12,898 and Title VI as Tools For Achieving Environmental Justice(U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Oct 2003)
- President Clinton's Executive Order on Environmental Justice
- Executive Order 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (11 February 1994)
- Council on Environmental Quality's Environmental Justice Guidance(PDF file)
- Environmental Protection Agency: Office of Environmental Justice, National Environmental Justice Advisory Council, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response - Environmental Justice section
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities: Environmental Justice
- National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences: Environmental Justice & Community-Based Participatory Research